Monthly Archives: July 2014

Menarche: A Developmental Milestone, A Rite of Passage

For individuals born with female reproductive system, menarche is an expected event during adolescence.  It marks the delineation of a girl and a woman.  Menarche, pronounced as ˈme-ˌnär-kē, refers to the first menstrual flow of a female. On average, among Filipinos, it usually occurs at age 12 years old.  Although, among those who consume more of high-protein diet, menarche may occur as early as age 9 years old.  But for those who are skinny to the point of appearing dehydrated, it may occur as late as 16 years old.

diagram-of-human-brain

Location of the Pituitary Gland in the Human Brain

With the interplay of hormones in the body, secondary sex characteristics among females are activated during the adolescent stage.  A part of the brain, the pituitary gland, makes it possible for the release of gonadotropin hormones (LH and FSH), which are responsible in the dynamics of a ripened egg cell.  The anterior pituitary gland produces seven important hormones: human growth hormone (hGH), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), prolactin (PRL), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), and melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH).  The ovum or ripened egg cell is released by either of the two ovaries towards either of the left or right fallopian tubes. If a female is observant of her body, she will notice a mittelschmerz or that dull pain felt upon ovulation in either left or right part where ovaries lie.

female repro system

The Female Reproductive System

Having a menarche calls for a celebration among some people.  Mothers prepare a menarche party.  In some societies, girls on menarche undergo certain rituals. In the Philippines, there are traditional ways to do upon menarche, transmitted by mothers or grandmothers to their daughters.  Recalling our own moments of menarche, friends hailing from the provinces, share similar experiences.  There was this instruction to leap three levels of a stairwell in the house.  There was also a gabi leaf to sit on to, with the rationale of evading possible overflow on skirts.  The list could go on…

What really sets the present generation apart from the past, when it comes to menarche, is the availability of sanitary napkins.  Along with other positive social change that benefit the present-day population, having menstruation on a monthly basis has become comfortable.  Gone are the difficulties of using pasador, washing it, and reusing itPasador is a cloth used in lieu of the present sanitary napkin.  These days array of sanitary napkins are available to choose from.  There are those for day use and night use, for heavy flow and for ebbing flow.  There are also those which are ion-based, which are healthier to use compared to ordinary napkins.

Now, it is my and my friends’ daughters’ turn to experience menarche.  I prepared mine by letting her wash her undies and teaching her how to wash them properly.  Barely half a year since washing her own undies and she has now her menarche.  There’s no party and no transmission of the traditional ways.  There were just congratulations, health education on hygiene and propriety, and thanksgiving prayer for such a milestone in life being experienced.

 

 

Philippine Cellular Phone Prefixes in 2014

Philippine Cellular Phone Prefixes in 2014.

Philippine Cellular Phone Prefixes in 2014

Prepaid SIM Cards for Sale

In the Philippines, prepaid SIM cards of various cellular networks are sold everywhere.  There are SIM cards for sale in cellphone shops, reloading stations, and even small sari-sari stores.  There are peddlers selling SIM cards outside of mall entrances and in the streets.

NumerousMOBILE-PREFIX Cellphone Numbers

The above scenarios proliferated the ownership of a number of cellphone numbers by individuals from all walks of life.  One can have both postpaid and prepaid cellular phone numbers.  Even preschoolers have cellphone numbers.  The groovy senior, senior citizens have embraced this technological change by learning to use cellular phones; so they too have cellphone numbers.  When you ask for a cellphone number from a friend you meet, chances are he or she may ask you, “what number do you prefer, Sun, TM or Smart?”  Many individuals own more than one cellular phone with numbers by different network providers.  Even having a single cellular phone but with dual SIM card slots in it allows one to have two sets of mobile contact numbers in combinations of prepaid-postpaid, prepaid-prepaid, postpaid-postpaid.

Irresponsibility in Flexibility

This ability to own numerous prepaid cellular phone numbers is coupled with more untoward activities.  The villains are enabled to realize their dark plans.  One can at anytime destroy and throw away the SIM card used in scamming or bullying others.  It has become normal to receive scam text messages now and then.  The more informed individuals simply ignore and delete the scam messages.  The uninformed or unthinking (?) ones succumbed to the guile by unknowingly giving cellular phone loads, or worse, by depositing processing amounts to claim the supposed large winning prizes.  There are those who bully their enemies using unregistered cellular phone numbers.  How can one file a complaint over someone personified by an unregistered cellular phone number?  It would be like finding a needle in a haystack.

 

Cellular Phone Number Prefixes

Below are the prefixes of various cellular numbers by various cellular phone network providers.  Knowing these prefixes allows you to save, especially when the number you are to contact belongs to a network different from what you use.  Most unlimited load promos have limited or no provision for call-text to other networks.

MOBILE-PREFIX numbers1

One Person = One number

A family member who worked as a nurse in Benghazi, Libya in 2011 shared that every person’s cellular number is registered with the government.  In this case, no one can ever bully or scam anyone without having to face the consequences.  Every number corresponds to only one owner.  This manner somehow protects the general population and making each number owner as a responsible being.  Well, is this possible in the Philippines?  If ever there is a bill on this, who may support and who may oppose? For a start, which side will you be?